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Table of Contents

Piezography Manual

Epson® Stylus Pro 4900 Instructions

How to install and use Piezography ink on the 4900 printer.

Summary

Epson 4900 Printer

Use these procedures to convert your color printer to a Piezography printer. If you are installing a Continuous Ink System (CIS), please refer to the installation instructions provided with the CIS. If you are installing user refillable cartridges, please refer to the installation instructions in the "Support" menu above.

Whether you use refillable cartridges, CIS, or pre-filled cartridges (available outside the USA), the placement of the shades of Piezography ink are critical and not arbitrary. You must refer to the shade placement chart provided here on this document.

Most Piezography systems depend upon the QuadtoneRIP software with which to control the ink shades. Installation instructions and support of that software is provided by the manufacturers of those software. We provide our own guides to our suggested use of QuadToneRIP, so that you can get the best results from that product. Additionally, Piezography on the Mac requires the use of Print-Tool. This software has quickly become a de-facto utility for anyone wanting to properly color manage their printing workflow. A full manual for Piezography can be downloaded with the free Piezography Community Edition.

Printer Testing

Verify that your printer functions perfectly with Epson inks before installing Piezography inks. In addition to printing a perfect nozzle check, make certain that the printer does not have unfixable banding problems by making test prints. Take the time to scrutinize your printer’s performance before the next step. It is not possible to diagnose many printing problems on a printer that has not first been tested with Epson inks. Ideally you should also align your print-head for UniDirectional printing before switching to Piezography inks.

If you are having problems with your printer or print-head, please look at our detailed instructions on how to clean your print head.

Flush cartridges.

Normally the use of flush cartridges is suggested and recommended when switching to Piezography inks from a non-Epson or non-Piezography ink set, or if you have been experiencing clogging problems with your current ink set. Otherwise, the actual Piezography inks can be used to "flush" out the pre-existing color inks from your printer. If you do not use flush carts, you may need to print some additional media before all traces of color ink have been removed. The yellow position is where the lightest shade 7 (Light Grey Warm) is installed. Shade 5 which is darker is installed in the light magenta position. On very old printers which will have deposits of color pigments in the dampers, a yellow and magenta cast in the highlights and 1/4 tones will be present for awhile without the use of flush carts. So weigh the costs of flushing with PiezoFlush (which will easily get rid of old pigments) or flushing with or printing out with Piezography ink to eliminate the initial color cast.

Items needed to have on hand when changing inks

A set of ink cartridges; a set of ink; a spare maintenance tank (available through Epson)

Ink Change Procedure

Important Note: In order to run an initial fill cycle, your new cartridges must each be at least 30% full. If they are less than 30% full, the printer will not allow you to continue until you replace those cartridges determined to be too empty to proceed. Once beginning an initial fill cycle, there is no way to abort it, and so your printer will be waiting for you to replace those cartridges it instructs you to install. If your Piezography cartridges are new, they will be full, but if they have been used in the past, removed, and you are now in the process of reinstalling them, you need to know how full they are before you go forward with the procedure. If you are not sure how full your Piezography cartridges are, install them and turn the printer on normally. The ink status monitor will display the ink levels. We recommend a backup set of "Auto Reset" chips for the 4900 series printer. This way if a chip fails during the conversion you can continue. And then you also always have a backup in case of chip failure in the future.

  • If you have a new printer, choose Ink Change Option A.

  • If you have an older printer that may have a head-failure due to excessive initial fills and you want to be more gentle with your printer, you can print out each channel using about 20 sq ft of cheap bond roll paper (per channel) and a special purge tif file downloadable below. choose Ink Change Option B. For more background information on Option B please read this.This option is good for Mac users who can't get windows working!

Ink Change Option A:

  1. Test the printer with Epson inks to verify that it functions perfectly, as described above.

  2. Obtain or download and install the Epson Service Adjustment Software. This software may be available from many sources, but we find it convenient that this website offers these software utilities and also Epson printer Service Manuals: 2manuals.com The cost is reasonable. It is only available for Windows. If I were you and only own an Apple computer, I would beg, borrow, or procure a PC on which to install the Epson Service Adjustment Software. At Cone Editions we actually run Windows on my Macs using Parallels Desktop.

  3. Remove the Epson ink cartridges and replace with the Piezography filled X900 cartridges. The cartridges must be filled according to the chart at the bottom of this document.

  4. Make sure that the printer is in the Ready state.

  5. Launch the Epson Service Adjustment Software and click on the Particular Adjustment Mode.

  6. Click on Ink Charge on the Maintenance Menu. In the Ink Charge Menu click on the Ink Charge button. The printer will now perform the original ink initialization. It takes several minutes. Between 15ml and 35ml of ink in each position will be charged through the system. Do not interrupt the printer or system. You will see a confirmation that the ink charge has been completed when it is finished.

  7. From this same window you can perform head cleanings and nozzle checks. You may wish to do so. However, if you can not get a clean nozzle check within 3 tries. Allow the printer to settle down for several hours. You can use the regular Epson utility software or the printer’s maintenance menu to perform nozzle checks and head cleans.

  8. Verify that you have a perfect nozzle check pattern before printing images. The pattern will consist of six sections, of different shades of gray. The lightest shade, shade #7, is faint.Note: We recommend first flushing the printer to remove the color ink stain from the dampers. You would perform the Ink Charge to move the PiezoFlush through the printer and then a second Ink Charge to move the Piezography inks into the printer. Because shade 7 is such a light gray and is installed in the yellow position, you may see a yellow cast if you do not flush or perform at least two ink charges. The same is with shade 6 which is installed in the light magenta position. However, this stain will eventually be chased out in normal usage.

  9. Screen shots for Epson Service Adjustment Software using the R3000 printer is very similar the X900 utilities:

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1 1 1
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Ink Change Option B: Purging the Ink from your printer through QTR and a special Purge Target:

  1. If you have an older printer that may have a head-failure due to excessive initial fills and you want to be more gentle with your printer, you can print out each channel using about 20 sq ft of cheap bond roll paper (per channel) and a special purge tif file downloadable below.

  2. Remove the Epson ink cartridges and replace with the Piezography filled cartridges. The cartridges must be filled according to the chart at the bottom of this document.

  3. Open QuadTone RIP Print Tool in Mac, or QTR in Windows. You will need to read the NEW Piezography manual to learn how to use QuadTone RIP (but, you need to do this anyways…)

  4. Set Page Setup for the printer and paper size you intend to use for purging.

  5. Open the X900-inkpurge.tif image (this image is a very specific RGB color and you should not modify it in any way nor allow its color management profiles to be applied, replaced, or adjusted. You can scale it larger as you need in QTR Print Tool or QTR

  6. Select Printer model and “No Color Management” (refer back to how to print with Print Tool), then click Print to send this purge file to QuadTone RIP.

  7. In the Print Window select the QuadTone RIP from the pull down list (layout).

  8. In the Mode pull down list, select QuadTone RIP Calibration (which will gray out the three curve pull down lists).

  9. Select 100% Calibration Ink Limit if printing on scrap heavyweight, coated/print paper or about 50-80% if printing on uncoated, very thin or typing paper.

  10. Select the paper feed: either sheet or roll 10. 1440dpi is fine to select for this purpose, bi-directional will print faster than uni-directional.

  11. Click Save.

  12. Click the Print button to print this purge page.

  13. Repeat 4-12 until you can see that the inks have been fully swapped out. It will be obvious.

The special X900 purge target is located here: X900-purge.tif.zip

Printer Specs & Review

Epson 4900 Printer

The Epson Pro 4900 series 17" wide printer has the unique ability to print with 10 channels along with auto-switching MK/PK inks enabling 11 total inks loaded into the printer. This printer supports Gloss and Matte K7 printing with two spare channels in case the print-head starts to die. This printer also supports dual-k5 Piezography Pro ink (introduced in late 2016). We suggest anyone buying an Epson 4900 get an extended warranty for this printer. Be prepared to replace the damper assembly and cleaning assembly every 2 years. As luck would have it, Piezography ink clogs this printer significantly less than Epson OEM ink due to a smaller and more uniform nano-particle size!

Compatible Ink Types

CARBON SELENIUM NEUTRAL WARM NEUTRAL SPECIAL EDITION PRO


Cartridge Position
Piezography K7
Piezography K6
Piezography P2
Piezography PRO
Light Light Black
Gloss Overprint (for gloss printing) or PiezoFlush (if NOT printing gloss)
Gloss Overprint (for gloss printing) or PiezoFlush (if NOT printing gloss)
Gloss Overprint
(for gloss printing)
Gloss Chroma Overprint
(for gloss printing)
Light Magenta
Shade #5
Shade #5
Shade #5
Warm: Medium
Light Cyan
Shade #3
Shade #5
Shade #3
Cool: Medium
Light Black
Shade #6
Shade #6
Shade #6
Cool: Light
Black
UltraHDMatte Black and HD Photo Black (switchable)
UltraHDMatte Black and HD Photo Black(switchable)
UltraHDMatte Black
UltraHDMatte Black and HD Photo Black(switchable)
Cyan
Shade #2
Shade #2
Shade #2
Cool: Dark
Magenta
Shade #4
Shade #4
Shade #4
Warm: Dark
Yellow
Shade #7
Flush / Not Used HD Photo Black
Warm: Light
Orange

Flush / Not Used

Flush / Not Used

Flush / Not Used

Warm: Very Light *optional

Green

Flush / Not Used

Flush / Not Used

Flush / Not Used

Cool: Very Light *optional

NOTES

* Change black ink for matte or gloss printing. Use “K7" or "HD K6" curves



PiezoDN Compatible

* Change black ink for matte or gloss printing. Use “HD K6" curves.



PiezoDN Compatible

** NO need to change black ink, can also print digital negatives. Use “P2” curves


PiezoDN Compatible

*** Warm and cool split-tone, change black ink for matte or gloss printing, can also print digital negatives. Use “PRO” curves

PiezoDN Compatible

What is the difference between K7, P2, K6, PiezoDN, and Pro?

Storage of previously used ink cartridges

You may wish to remove and save one or more cartridges that you have removed from your printer, for use in the future. If you want to store your cartridges for later use, place the removed cartridges in plastic bags, close the bags tightly to minimize ink evaporation, and place the cartridges in a box so that they sit upright, as they do when they are in the printer. Storing a previously opened cartridge on its side or upside down will allow ink to leak out of the air vent holes. We recommend taping over the vent holes to prevent evaporation. Many of our ink cartridge (large and small) come with vent-hole plugs. Make sure to place these vent-hole plugs back into the cartridge before storage. Make sure to remember to remove them when you want to use the cartridge again though!

Note: On small format cartridges, it is very important that you do not allow ink to touch the air inlet filter. Make sure your cartridges remain upright at all times.

Getting started with Piezography printing and QuadtoneRIP.

Now that you have your inks installed, you must print your images through QuadToneRIP shareware software. It is not possible to achieve good results without using QuadToneRIP. Go hereto download and install QuadtoneRIP for Mac or PC.

We provide a comprehensive user manual for Piezography along with a set of pre-made curves "profiles" for use with QuadtoneRIP and various fine-art inkjet papers. After installing QuadtoneRIP make sure to ask download and install our free Community Editionset of curves and documentation. This will guide you through the process of installing your Piezography printer on both Windows and Mac operating systems so you can print.

Supported Papers

We support an ever evolving list of fine art inkjet papers. You can see the list of officially supported papers here.

Technical Support

We provide free technical support at our forum.We also provide direct paid phone support.Before requesting support please register on our forum and also look through all of the support documents from the "Support" menu above.

Frequently Asked Questions

You may find it very helpful to view our F.A.Q. section for Piezography. This will tell you a lot!

Helpful Links